“Guantu” was originated from “Kantou” in Ketagalan’s language and written as “Casidor” in spainish records. It is also named ”Kanta” (甘答), ”Kantou” (干豆), “Kantou” (干荳), “jiantou” (肩脰), “chiantou” (墘竇) and “kuantu” (官渡), which were basically transliterated from Taiwanese plains aborigines’ languages. “kuantu” (關渡) was first written in Taiwan chorography, which was reedited in 1760 in Qianlong era. “kuantu” had been once named ”jiangtou” (江頭) in Taiwan under Japanese rule and changed back into ”Guantu” since Taiwan Retrocession.
Guantu Temple was, according to “Zhuluo County Chorography”, founded in 51 of Kangxi era (in 1712). It is written that “Tian Fe Temples: One is on Bengan Street, Waijiou Village. It was constructed by inhabitants in 39. Another is on xian sui gang street. It was constructed by inhabitants in 55. The other is in Kantoumen, Tamsui. A governor, LAI Ke, led people to construct it in 51.” Guantu Temple was a Mazu temple which had a longest history except Chaotian Temple, Beigang to the north of Tainan; a proverb “Beigang Ma in south, Kantou Ma in north” was spread among believers accordingly. LAI Ke, who led people to construct the temple, was a governor who managed Natives in “ki-maurri” (Keelong and North Taiwan along the coast). He, as a representative of the government, was in charge of taxing Natives and detach Natives to labor, which was why he could dispatch Natives to construct Guantu Temple. It is written in “Zhuluo County Chorography” that “Ling Shan Temple: in Kantoumen, Tamsui, faced a huge port. Feng Zai Zhi from the east and Bai Jie from the west interflowed and poured into sea waves; tides surged greatly. The temple was built to worship Tian Fe in 51 of Kangxi era.” to describe the hustle and bustle when Tian Fe Temple was just completed.