So-called cultural landscape is referred to as space and surroundings linked with mythologies, legends, feats, historical events, social networking, or rituals. That is, a landscape created together by human and nature, diverse and rich interactions between human and the natural environment they are situated in.

  Cultural landscape defined by American scholars does not indicate a specific kind of landscape. Instead, it emphasizes the response of the landscape under the interaction between man and nature as time goes by. Cultural landscape presents timeless relationship between man and earth. As a geographical region, cultural landscape includes cultural and natural resources in association with historical events, activities, people, and groups. Besides, connected with economic contest, cultural landscape is also a work of art, cultural narrative, and words as well as the presentation of regional identity.

  In conclusion, cultural landscape contains the following characteristics:

  1.Universal values of history, culture, art, and science coincide with the values indicated in Cultural Heritage Preservation Act.
  2.Landscape generated by the interaction between man and nature and earth.
  3.Concrete and provable existing landscape elements or space.
  4.Continuously and stably functioning.
  5.Space and environment defined by the mythologies, legends, feats, historical events, social networking, or rituals in the region.

  Based on the information above, we would explore the cultural landscape and cultural features specific in Guandu Temple in terms of the unique natural geography and environment within the scope of humanist ecology, religion, and literature, etc.