Lord Wenchang Hall, positioned on the right of Main Hall, mainly worships Lord Wenchang, also named Zitong, Emperor Wenchang, King Shun Ji, King Ying Xian, Master Zitong, Lord Zitong, and Emperor Ling Ying, a god commanding the literacy, fame and career.

  •   Lord Wenchang once appeared in the form of spirit writing and composed The Document of Lord Zitong, mentioning, ‘I was born in early Zhou dynasty. So far, I have been transformed for 73 times. In the end of West Jin, when I lived in the world again, I suddenly saw a hermit in Kaiji, at the age of 50 or so, praying with an aromatic lamp. It was a night in spring, the sky was clear, with the stars of Zhang and Yi showing brightly. When I leaned forward to listen to what he said, I learned that his surname was Zhang.’ The cause of Lord Wenchang’s becoming a deity for the general public and Taoism was related to Lord Zitong. Zhang Yu, claiming himself as the King of Sichuan, died of an uprising against Former Qin Fu Jian bravely. The people then built Zhang Yu Temple in Qiqu Mountain, Zitong, honoring him as Lei Ze Long Shen. At that time, there was Yazi Temple, Lord Zitong in Qiqu Mountain. Since the two temples were adjacent. In later generations, the deities of the two temples were combined into Zhang Yazi. The story became: Lord Zitong named Zhang Yazi, lived in Qiqu Mountain, Sichuan; died in war. The people built a temple to worship him. In Tang and Song, he was entitled Ying Xian Wang. Taoism claims that Lord Zitong was in charge of the business in Wangchang Residence and career of the general public. Therefore, in Yuan dynasty, he was entitled as a lord. The academies in the world also worship Wangchang Wang. Born on the third day of the second lunar month, Lord Wenchang was worshipped by officials as well.

      According to the history complied in ancient period of time, in ‘Astronomy’ of The Records of the Grand Historian (Shiji) and ‘Astronomy’ of Book of Jin, Wenchang was a name of a constellation in astronomy. Since in ancient period of time, Chinese believed in constellations, Taoists also worshiped constellations. The ancient book A Collection of Positive Residences on Life and Fate recorded that, ‘Wenchang was well-educated, as an auspicious light from the extreme South shines on the jade podium. Having been in the universe for a long time, blessing has gathered in the heaven and there are celestial beings arriving to celebrate a festive for longevity’ The Records of the Grand Historian suggested that, ‘Wenchang was the six stars appearing above the Big Dipper.’ In other words, Wenchang was the constellation in charge of culture and literature. The six stars of Wenchang included: Shangjiang, Cijiang, Guixiang, Siming, Sizhong, and Silu in Zi Wei. As suggested in Suoyin, ‘Shangjiang was powerful; Cijiang kept everything in order; Guixiang handled documents; Silu awarded those making contributions; Siming was in charge of dealing with calamities; Sizhong was responsible for rationality.’ The six stars, with their specific responsibilities, managed the literary career and fame of the world. Therefore, Lord Wenchang was worshipped by intellectuals and students.