1. Heavenly Official Bestows Blessing
The Heavenly Official, known as ‘Great Emperor of Purple Tenebrity who is the Upper Primordial First-Rank Heaven Official that bestows blessings’, are one of the Three Great Emperor Officials, along with ‘Earthly Official of Middle Origin and Second-Rank Absolver of Sins’ and ‘Water Official of Lower Origin and Third-Rank Eliminator of Misfortunes’. He belongs to the Clear Jade (Yuqing) Realm that is made up of green, yellow and white vapors. The deity is in charge of the lords and deities in the celestial realm. On the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, the official is believed to assess the good and bad deeds committed by mortals. On this day, he will also bestow blessing; people will hang a portrait that depicts ‘Heavenly Official bestows blessing’ and children would go on a parade carrying a lantern with them at night, to welcome the descending of the Heavenly Official. The Heavenly Official is also referred to as Lord Official (represents official success), Immortal of the Far South (represents Longevity), which represents the Three Stars of Blessing, Wealth and Longevity and the existence of auspicious stars. During Lunar Chinese New Year, a lot of families prefer to hang a picture of the Three Gods in the central hall, representing their house is occupied by the Three Stars, bringing blessings and fortune to them.
2. Wenbi God of Prosperity
As the second son of King Wen Ding, younger brother of Di Yi, and uncle of Di Xin, Wenbi God of Prosperity, was a Premier in Shang dynasty. Since he was a child, Bi Gan had been hardworking and diligent. At the age of twenty, he served as the Grand Preceptor to assist Di Yi, and later assist Di Xin. During his term as a premier, Bi Gan reduced people’s burden of taxes and rate of forced labour. He encouraged the works of artistes, tradesman and farmers, which brought prosperity to Shang dynasty. However, Bi Gan’s comments offended King Zhou and he suffered the terrible fate of having his heart dug out. Later, Bi Gan was bestowed by King Wu of Zhou dynasty the title of ‘Astral Lord of Literary Tunes’ and became widely worshipped as a literary God of Prosperity. A Golden Peacock was given to him as his mount.
3. Jilun God of Prosperity
Jilun God of Prosperity was Shi Chong from the Western Jin dynasty and ‘Jilun’ was his style name. Jilun God of Prosperity, also known as Golden God of Wealth, is a god of fortune in charge of finance in Heaven. It is said that Jilun God of Prosperity was Shi Chong, or Ki Lun, nicknamed Qi Nu, born in Nanpi, Bohai, the youngest son of Shi Bao, one of founders of Jin dynasty. Since he was a child, Shi Chong had been intelligent, wise and brave. At the age of 20 and more, he served as a County Executive. Because of his talents, he was promoted as San Qi Lang to serve as Chengyang Taishou. To encourage his contributions to the war against Wu, Shi Chong was entitled Marquis Anyang. He had been Governor of Jingzhou and Chamberlain of Court of Palace Garrison (Weiweiqing). Shi Chong’s affluence was comparable to the country’s wealth; he was a famous millionaire in Jin dynasty and one of the richest people in Chinese history. After his death, Jilun was believed to become a God of Prosperity in charge of wealth and was worshipped.
4. Wuming God of Prosperity
Wuming God of Prosperity, also known as Zhao Lang or Zhao Gongming, is in charge of the Alchemy Room and Mysterious Shrine of Zhang Daoling, hence he is referred as the ‘Chief Marshal of the Mysterious Shrine’
5. Wanshan God of Prosperity
The original name of Wanshan God of Prosperity was Shen Wanshan, who was a tycoon from the Jiangnan area during early Ming dynasty. He built many houses and collected taxes, accumulating a huge amount of wealth. Shen was regarded as the equivalent of a tycoon.